Friday, November 11, 2016

MOhemp Kenya will assist Kenya Vision 2030



The following highlights are how MOhemp Kenya's sustainable farming venture meets many of the prescribed goals of Kenya Vision 2030 by providing:

Carbon Sequestration, Clean Energy Production, Education, Employment, Agriculture Innovation, Promoting Kenya, Sustainable Net Zero Buildings, Agriculture Research, Community Outreach,
in addition to Improving people's Health.  

This is a perfect opportunity for jump starting a circular economy in Kenya and beyond.  The short and long term benefits that would be produced by a sustainable agriculture business will provide benefits to present and future generations of Kenyans.


    1. Removing the Carbon that is causing Climate Change by carbon sequestration


Carbon Sequestration also called Carbon Capture will be performed naturally by utilizing the earth as a carbon sink.

  1. Kenaf also called Indian Hemp planted on 1 acre will cycle 6 metric tons of CO2 from the air; equaling a total of 12,000 metric tons (13,227.736 US Tons) amount of carbon from the air that can be sequestered on the proposed 2,000 acre farm.
6 metric tons/acre of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere and release 4.5 metric tons/acre of oxygen (O2) into the atmosphere during the 100 day growing cycle. source

  1. Carbon Capture is also a benefit when utilizing Cover Crops: 13.6 metric tons (15 US Tons) per acre @ 2,000 acres equals 27,200 Metric Tons of Carbon.

JOHNSON: Cover crops, which are grown when fields are usually idle, can also be chopped and lightly worked into the top layer of soil – returning even more carbon to the ground...this method can capture almost fifteen tons of carbon dioxide per acre...fourteen percent of the world’s cropland, if they adopted this approach to agriculture, you could capture all anthropogenic CO2. source

Combined Total of  Carbon Sequestration of 39,200 Metric Tons of Carbon removed from the Air-  19.6 M Tons Per Acre!

Source- Carbon Trading Value:
3.87 euros ($4.33) a metric ton
39,200 x $4.33=$169,736

    1. Clean Energy Production


  1. If all the seeds grown on MOhemp Kenya Farms were used to create non polluting biodiesel- 74,000 Gallons (37 gal/acre source) of Raw Hemp Oil (97% conversion) equals 71,780 gallons of non polluting Biodiesel.

Graph 1: Source

  1. Hemp Seed Cake (the by product of crushing the seeds to produce Hemp Oil which is the raw material in Biodiesel) when utilized as livestock food for animals with ruminant stomach systems has shown a reduction of methane gas production.


  1. Burning trees as wood or used as charcoal
    1. “The importance of woodfuel, and particularly charcoal, is strong and growing,” she said. “By 2030 charcoal is expected to become a US$12 billion industry, employing 12 million people.”
    2. “We found that charcoal production by rural areas to meet the energy demands of urban areas is one of the major causes of the systematic degradation of dryland forests.”
    3. The study also found that land clearance for agriculture is a major cause of deforestation in some areas, but this is often blamed on charcoal.
    4. The distinction between forest degradation and deforestation is important,
      1. “A degraded forest ecosystem from which live trees have been harvested for wood can regenerate, but
      2. the sustainability of this type of selective removal of trees depends on the speed of ecosystem recovery against that of harvesting,
      3. But when trees are cut completely and the land is converted to other uses, that is deforestation, which causes permanent changes to the ecology.” Miyuki Iiyama, a socio-economist with ICRAF Source


    1. Education

Education
Will consist of both classroom activities and OJT (on the job training)

Kiama summed it up perfectly: Our project will create a conducive working environment for our employees and be mindful of their welfare. Am grateful that our country Kenya has some of the most hardworking and dedicated people in the region and we will be proud of them as employers. Training of our employees will be a good business and an important area of risk management on our farm. Well trained, safe and healthy employees are essential for the smooth functioning of our operation. Our workers will be well trained and will understand their job tasks and the importance of their job to the larger picture. We will never assume that someone has the “common sense” to work safely. Making an assumption like this in our project will be dangerous, especially where young or new workers are concerned. We will go through basics good training program that our operators can use to make their operation efficient and safe for optimum production. We will help create a future workforce that is well trained and safety conscious. By providing all new and young workers with orientation and safety training, we will ensure that all our workers are trained and capable and thereby decrease the chances of work-related accidents on our operation.
Kiama Fluff 1.jpg

  • Farm Safety
  • Basic Education
  • Building Trades
  • Solar PV Installation & Maintenance
  • Borehole Well Digging
  • Water Conservation Drip Irrigation Installation & Maintenance
  • Hemp Briquettes Hemp Log Burning for Heating and Cooking
  • No Till Farming & Soil Management
  • Cover Crops

    1. Employment

Employment Totals
Year 1: 35- Year 2: 85 -Year 3: 130 - Year 4: 365 -  Year 5: 400

  • 4,000 Indirect Labor Opportunities Created (400 employees x 10 local jobs each).
  • Employment Scenarios using Hemp Production in Kentucky USA as an example:
    • One processing facility and one industrial hemp paper-pulp plant were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 771 full-time equivalent jobs and $17,600,000 in worker earnings.
    • Certified industrial hemp seed in the United States is estimated at 69 full time equivalent jobs and $1,300,000 in worker earnings.
    • The total economic impact in Kentucky, assuming one industrial hemp processing facility locating in Kentucky and selling certified seed to other growers, would be 303 full-time equivalent jobs and $6,700,000 in worker earnings.
    • If two processing facilities were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 537 full-time equivalent jobs and $12,100,000 in worker earnings.

    1. Agriculture Innovation


  1. MOhemp Kenya will develop Kenaf / Hemp strains and varieties specifically grown for the conditions of Africa's Climate- end uses: Seed, Fiber, or Combo.  This is accomplished by Selective Harvesting of the strongest plants and or Cross Pollinating with other Kenaf Strains by working with companies that are developing seed varieties that will flourish in Kenya's and Africa's  climate.
  2. Organic Farming Techniques utilizing Cover Crop Farming and Seed Development- Provides the needed biodiversity for optimum soil health.  The proposed land chosen for the MOhemp Kenya location meets “organic growing soil” requirements.  This takes advantage of the Kenya Climate that allows opportunities to utilize cover crops to provide the needed soil requirements.
    1. The following image is a recent soil sample and benefits of cover crop to follow.  I agree with the observation of the soil testing company but I do not fully agree with the suggested application of chemical fertilizers.  I feel that by utilizing cover crops will provide all the needed nutrients while also adding biodiversity improving soil health and conserving water.   
    2. It is also easier and less expensive to transport a bag or two of seeds than bags, wagons, or truckloads of fertilizer chemicals.

Kiama Fluff 1.jpg

To provide a barrier that will retain soil moisture- requires a thick mat of vegetation.  The Sun Hemp Plant is one of my favorites for the aforementioned barrier needed as well as the nutrients quoted- notice that everything mentioned and more in the soil sample is taken care of by the Sunn Hemp Cover Crop:

Sunn hemp seed (Crotalaria juncea L.) produces a fast growing legume that is a nitrogen fixing soil builder and cover crop for tropical and southern climates. Sunn Hemp is used in many tropical countries as the number one cover crop for reclaiming poor land. A wonder crop, it is a non-toxic fertilizer for soils that grazing wildlife such as deer simply love. Livestock such as cattle prefer the dried forage (hay) of Sunn Hemp.

This amazing crop has many advantages that cannot be overlooked
  • Matures 60 to 90 days from planting 6 ft tall -- this may increase under proper conditions, to a height of 10 -12 ft
  • Produces 100 lbs of nitrogen -- this may increase with favorable conditions to 200 lbs
  • Moves a minimum of 10 lbs of residual phosphorous from the subsoil to the topsoil -- this can be as high as 20 lbs
  • Moves around 80 lbs of residual potash from the subsoil to the topsoil -- under favorable conditions this may increase to 160 lbs
  • Produces 2.5 to 4 tons of organic matter (biomass)
  • Suppresses root-knot and nematodes
  • A great soil builder, increases drought tolerance, yield and cash value of the next crop
  • The leaves of Sunn Hemp contain 30% protein
  • Livestock will eat the dried leaves or 'hay'.
  • When properly planted Sunn Hemp will eliminate weeds
Note: Sunn Hemp seed requires an inoculant for nitrogen production -- Inoculate with the cowpea-type rhizobia bacteria. Source


  1. Drip Irrigation & Solar Powered Water Well Systems
  2. Hemp Seed as Livestock Feed
  3. Directly working with other small holder farmers could also lead to co-op farming opportunities.
  4. MOhemp Kenya will utilize machines in its farming operations.  We realize that not everyone will have access to these machines.  It would be a failure not to demonstrate how Kenaf and Hemp can be processed by hand with home made farming implements.  This is the same way that hemp was processed for 1000's of years before mankind invented machines and is still being done this way in some areas of the World.
  5. Ag Farming Invention: I have researched Hemp Lignin extensively and have devised a process and system that can separate the lignin while cleaning the fibers at the same time-first round test results this Fall after I harvest and process the Kenaf Test Plants I am currently growing.

David Bovis- a prior European Hemp Decortication Factory Manager and MOhemp Advisor, has quoted the inventions as being the “Holy Grail needed in the Hemp Industry...he has ideas in principle that would, without exaggeration, revolutionize post-harvest processing and reduce the production costs by such a margin they would become almost negligible by comparison to current processing methods common in the industry”. David Bovis Director Duxinaroe



    1. Promoting Kenya as well as MOhemp Kenya

  1. MOhemp Kenya is already attracting the attention of many World Wide hemp/kenaf organizations and people thru the Hemp Environmental Forum, Kyoto Hemp Forum, Hemp and Cannabis Foundation, Kenaf Sustainability Options, previously established and newly added contacts who are involved in Hemp and Kenaf Industries.
  2. Animal Livestock trials will determine end results of supplementing hemp seeds into diets.
  3. Working with KEPHIS for seed production as well as export sales
  4. Providing existing Kenya Fiber Industry with Kenya grown and produced fibers.
Kiama Fluff Women (1).jpg




 

    1. Building Division Net Zero and Sustainable


Construction Division Highlights  

  1. MOhemp Kenya construction company will build the needed buildings to operate the business from.  
  2. This will also showcase how affordable and energy efficient Hempcrete buildings are; while providing: Education, Training, and Real World OJT job training and skills for employment in the Construction industry.
  3. MOhemp Kenya Construction Division will specialize in building energy efficient and sustainable net zero buildings with products produced by MOhemp Kenya Agriculture Farms: Hempcrete, Hemp Wallboard, Hemp Fiber Insulation, and Hemp Bricks.


Training provided during the construction the MOhemp Kenya Home Base Buildings will prepare these individuals with the knowledge and skills needed for employment in the Construction Industry-regardless of whether they continue working with MOhemp Kenya, other companies, or start construction businesses of their own building energy efficient and sustainable buildings all over Kenya.

 
    1. Research Division

MOhemp Kenya Research includes
  1. Developing a strain of hemp and kenaf that perform the best under the growing conditions in Kenya's Climate and Soil.
  2. MOhemp Kenya will be a Certified KEPHIS Seed Dealer
  3. Working relationship with Hemp Seed Suppliers who has grown Kenaf in Kenya before in 2 field studies:
    1. “….to play the role of kenaf seeds supplier and kenaf production consultant.  It will be a great honor for me to assist you and your initiative ...As I have worked in Kenya some years ago, I can tell that it can be an ideal place for kenaf farming and R&D.   It is feasible to train local people for production of kenaf as source of several raw materials: *oil seeds + pulp for animal feeding  *fibers for several industries such as paper, textile, building & more *kenaf core can be used also for several industries * human food (from kenaf leaves) *I believe that within short period of time it will be possible to produce in Kenya kenaf seeds, to grow kenaf as biomass source for many uses, applications and to work on breeding of kenaf varieties / hybrids. *I am open for any type of collaboration.”
  4. Monitoring MOhemp Kenya Livestock Program as native animals are monitored when diets were supplemented with Hemp seeds.
  5. Monitoring and Record Keeping of Soil Moisture Levels as well as Soil Biodiversity Improvements

This is a perfect opportunity for jump starting a circular economy in Kenya and beyond.  The short and long term benefits that would be produced by a natural fiber agriculture business  will provide benefits for generations.  This opportunity I feel should be exploited to the fullest.   This is a match made in heaven.  The following information uses Kentucky USA as an example of the circular economy created from natural fibers.


  • If one processing facility and one industrial hemp paper-pulp plant were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 771 full-time equivalent jobs and $17,600,000 in worker earnings.
  • Certified industrial hemp seed in the United States is estimated at 69 full time equivalent jobs and $1,300,000 in worker earnings.
  • The total economic impact in Kentucky, assuming one industrial hemp processing facility locating in Kentucky and selling certified seed to other growers, would be 303 full-time equivalent jobs and $6,700,000 in worker earnings.
  • If two processing facilities were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 537 full-time equivalent jobs and $12,100,000 in worker earnings.
  • These economic impact estimates reflect possible outcomes for Kentucky given a national industrial hemp industry that is focused in specialty niche activities that have already been demonstrated to work in Europe.
  • It is important to remember, however, that technologies are under development that may allow industrial hemp products to compete in bulk commodity markets.
  • The economic impacts that would occur if these technologies were found to be commercially feasible would be substantially greater than those identified in this report.

In addition to the educational and farming industry there are indirect benefits that provide avenues for developing a skilled labor force in industries: Equipment Sales and Service, Transportation, Energy, Medical, Mechanical, and Construction.  Jobs such as these are the backbone of a successful region- all the results of growing Hemp and Kenaf on a Farm.

One example of future end product sales could come in the form of creating: Education Books and Materials produced at Wembuye Pan Paper Mill- raw materials supplied by able and willing Regional Farmers that will grow and process the Hemp and Kenaf that will make paper and books that will bring people out of poverty-

“An educated society is a productive society” Economic Policy Institute


MOhemp Kenya also addresses and solves many of the  problems and needs mentioned in the ACIAR Consultation on Agricultural Research.  And is perfect example and business plan modeling behind the MOhemp Kenya Enterprise as it applies and supports to the OJT and Educational Outreach and Long Term Research aspects.

Problem 1
"Experience has shown, however, that in agricultural research sudden breakthroughs are rare and an increase in agricultural production usually consists of small gains made from time to time as a result of sustained research efforts over a long period. This is certainly the situation in Kenya.
Problem 2
The development of agricultural research since independence has been rapid but not rapid enough to cope with the problems of food production in the next decade. The principal limiting factor is the number of qualified and experienced research staff in both scientific and technical cadres.
Untapped Potential
The Kenyan agricultural research system has, however:
(1) attracted a large number of university graduates who need training and on-the-job guidance in order for them to make a contribution.
Must Have 1
(2) It is therefore expected that research projects supported by donor agencies should have a strong manpower development component and should be designed to last for 42 periods longer than the usual 3-5 years, if they are to make a lasting impact.

Must Have 2:
The highest priority is now placed on the overall development of arid and semi-arid areas, the most vital aspect of this development being in agriculture.

Need 1:
Crop research is reasonably well developed and the shift in emphasis to dryland agriculture will involve mainly institutional building and direction of research effort.

Need 2:
The situation is, however, different in the vital fields of animal production and agroforestry where the shortage of scientific manpower is acute." Source: http://aciar.gov.au/files/node/13168/pr1_pdf_10048.pdf Page 42  Proceedings of the Eastern Africa-ACIAR Consultation on Agricultural Research Nairobi, Kenya 19-22 July 1983


    1. Health Benefits

Feeding a Nation- We Are What We Eat
The following charts were sourced from the: http://kenya.opendataforafrica.org website

          

  1. Human consumption of animals fed a diet of hemp seed livestock feed-
    1. has proved beneficial Link
    2. The fatty acid and natural product content of hemp seed oil was analyzed by GC-MS and LC-MS. The presence of linoleic acid (LA) and a-linolenic acid (LNA) were confirmed in their previously reported ratio of 3:1 LA:LNA. The presence of β-caryophyllene (740 mg/L), myrcene (160 mg/L), β-sitosterol (100-148 g/L) and trace amounts of methyl salicylate was observed in the oil which had not been previously reported. Trace amounts of cannabidiol (CBD) were also detected. Bioassays were performed with the oil to determine its effectiveness as an antimicrobial agent. Some bioactivity was observed during the primary screening. Link
  2. Dairy- Milk from Industrial Hemp seed when fed to dairy cows declared safe by EU Food Safety Division source
  1. Chicken-
  1. Egg Laying Hens: The effect of feeding hemp seed meal to laying hens- No significant differences were found between feed treatments for egg production, feed consumption, feed efficiency, body weight change or egg quality.  Increasing dietary inclusion of HSM produced eggs with lower concentrations of palmitic acid and higher concentrations of linoleic and α-linolenic acids. Source
  2. Broilers: . Effect of sunn hemp seed inclusion in broiler starter diets on live performance attributes. No significant mortality differences were measured between treatments and no unusual pathologies were noted in the birds during posting. Low level feed contamination with sunn hemp did not measurably reduce broiler live performance during the starter period.  Source
  1. Beef-
    1. “Because of the high oil content and the fatty acids, the animals actually utilize more of their feed, he said. “They digest more of it, which means the farmer is getting more out of his feed.” Aside from hemp feed being high in protein and fatty acids, hemp-fed cattle are antibiotic, steroid and hormone free. Hemp-fed cows taste better too, he said. “It has a better flavor, a better taste,” Lee said. Source
    2. Cold-pressed hempseed cake as a protein feed for growing cattle: In conclusion, hempseed cake compared to soybean meal as a protein feed for intensively fed growing cattle results in similar production and improved rumen function. Source

Effect of full-fat hemp seed on performance and tissue fatty acids of feedlot cattle-Sixty individually penned steers (380 ± 39 kg) were fed barley-based finishing diets containing 0 (control), 9 or 14% full-fat hemp seed (HS) and effects on performance and tissue fatty acid profiles were assessed. At harvest, samples of pars costalis diaphragmatic (PCD) and brisket fat were collected from each carcass. Feeding HS did not affect (P > 0.25) dry matter intake (DMI), average daily gain (ADG), or gain feed-1. Carcass traits were also unaffected (P > 0.35) by treatment. Feeding HS linearly increased (P < 0.001) proportions of C18:0, C18:3 and C18:1 trans-9 in PCD, and 18:2 trans, trans in both PCD and brisket fat. As well, HS linearly increased cis-9 trans-11 CLA (P < 0.001), total saturates (P = 0.002) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (P = 0.01) in PCD. The presence of C20:4, C20:5 and C22:5 was detected only in tissues of cattle supplemented with HS (P < 0.06). Linear reductions (P < 0.002) in C16:1 cis, C17:1, C18:1 cis -9, C20:1, and total unsaturates in PCD, as well as linear decreases in C17:0 (P = 0.04) and C17:1 (P < 0.001) in brisket fat were observed when HS was fed. Levels of HS up to 14% of dietary DM exerted no detrimental effect on the growth or feed efficiency of cattle as compared to cattle fed a standard barley-based finishing diet. Including HS in the diet had both positive (increased CLA content) and negative (increased trans and saturated fats) effects on fatty acid profiles of beef tissues. source

  1. Sheep-Evaluation of Sunn Hemp Hay for St. Croix White Hair Sheep Production Source

  1. Cooking and Heating with Hemp Brick, Logs, and Briquettes eliminates the health and safety risks of using wood or charcoal as energy source.  The following graphs and charts are examples of current practices utilized by Kenyan's who burn wood, charcoal, and or kerosene.  
    1. Respiratory infections caused by smoke from indoor cooking fires common in the Third World could be reduced drastically through the use of inexpensive, more efficient stoves and modestly cleaner fuels, according to researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and Princeton University who monitored illness and pollution levels for three years in a Kenyan village.
source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2212670814002127

      1. Each family in the study was visited once every seven to 10 days and given medical exams, with nurses recording all illnesses or problems, not just respiratory illness. Indoor pollution levels and individual exposure levels were monitored simultaneously.
      2. They found that young and adult women who regularly participate in cooking have exposure levels two to five times higher than men, with daily averages about 5,000 micrograms of particulates per cubic meter. Peak exposures were as high as 50,000 micrograms per cubic meter.
      3. Not surprisingly, women also were, on average, twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with a case of acute respiratory infection.
      4. Young children under five years of age were, on average, exposed to approximately 1,500 micrograms per cubic meter - 30 times the EPA's exposure limit. Such children were found to be sick with respiratory illness on one of every five weekly exams and to have more severe acute lower respiratory illness on 6-8 percent of visits. Source


Kiama Fluff 3 .jpg

  1. - Author states: As a matter of survival I would never tell someone not to use charcoal or wood for cooking or heating- if that was all that was available for an energy source. (Scotty MOhemp Kenya)  


No comments:

Post a Comment